Experts have a number of theories about the possible causes of fibromyalgia. But they do not yet know its exact cause. It’s likely that a number of factors may trigger and contribute to fibromyalgia.
Heredity. Research shows that, like many conditions, fibromyalgia is believed to run in families. So it is likely that some people are born with genes that increase their risk of getting it.
Fibromyalgia can start at any time. But there may be some events that trigger fibromyalgia in those who have an increased risk of developing it.
Accidents and injuries. Fibromyalgia may be triggered by an injury or trauma (for example, auto accidents and war).
Infection. Some infections that may be linked to fibromyalgia include hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr virus, parvovirus, and Lyme disease.
Autoimmune disorders. These disorders occur when the body’s immune system sees its own tissues as foreign and attacks them. Rheumatoid arthritis and lupus are examples of autoimmune disorders.
Psychological and emotional stress. The onset of fibromyalgia has been linked with certain types of emotional stress.
Next: Navigating Fibromyalgia